just adverb.
1. When it means ‘a little time ago’, just is used differently in BrE and AmE. In BrE the usual construction is with a perfect tense formed with have: I have just arrived home, but in AmE the verb is normally a simple past form: I just arrived home. Care needs to be taken to avoid misunderstanding, since just can also mean ‘only, simply’ as in They are just good friends. So a sentence such as BrE I have just seen my brother and, even more, AmE I just saw my brother can mean either ‘I have recently seen my brother’ or ‘I have seen my brother and no one else’ (or, perhaps, ‘I have seen my brother and have done nothing else’). In speech, intonation will usually clarify the meaning, but in written English the difficulty may need to be resolved by rephrasing.
2. The phrase just now has several meanings, and the primary meaning can change from one part of the English-speaking world to another. The principal possibilities are (1) with past reference, ‘a short time ago’

• (What was it you were saying just now, child? —E. Jolley, 1985

• When I returned to the house just now I sensed that something —unusual had occurred —S. Craven, 1993)

(2) with a present continuous tense, ‘at this moment’

• (Just now I'm going with a Catholic, who lives down in Armagh —F. Kippax, 1993)

(3) with a simple present, ‘for the time being, right now’, common generally with a negative

• (She cannot afford to think about her mother just now —J. Neale, 1993)

but characteristically Scottish in positive use

• (I have my home in Britain just now —Express (Scottish edition), 2007)

(4) with a future tense in South African and Indian English, ‘very shortly, in a little while’

• (The men on cell duty will do that just now —A. Sachs, SAfrE 1966).

Modern English usage. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • just — just …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Just — ist ein seltener männlicher Vorname, Kurzform von Justus (Vorname) Just Scheu (1903–1956), deutscher Komponist, Filmschauspieler und Rundfunksprecher Just ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adolf Just (1859–1936), deutscher Naturheilkundler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • just — adj [Latin justus lawful, merited, from jus right, law]: conforming to law or to the underlying principles of law: as a: conforming to reason or a standard of correctness just sanctions cannot be excessive in relation to the offense b: conforming …   Law dictionary

  • just — just1 [just] adj. [ME < OFr juste < L justus, lawful, rightful, proper < jus, right, law: see JURY1] 1. right or fair; equitable; impartial [a just decision] 2. righteous; upright [a just man] 3. deserved; merited [just praise] …   English World dictionary

  • Just — Just, a. [F. juste, L. justus, fr. jus right, law, justice; orig., that which is fitting; akin to Skr. yu to join. Cf. {Injury}, {Judge}, {Jury}, {Giusto}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Conforming or conformable to rectitude or justice; not doing wrong to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Just — Just, adv. 1. Precisely; exactly; in place, time, or degree; neither more nor less than is stated. [1913 Webster] And having just enough, not covet more. Dryden. [1913 Webster] The god Pan guided my hand just to the heart of the beast. Sir P.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Just — * Just, ein Nebenwort, welches nur im gemeinen Leben, besonders Niedersachsens, üblich ist. 1) Genau, eben, gerecht, der Sache und dem Raume nach. Es ist just voll. Es ist just recht. Der Stöpsel passet just hinein. Das will just so viel sagen,… …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • just — JUST, Ă, juşti, ste, adj. (Adesea adverbial) 1. Conform cu adevărul sau cu echitatea; drept, adevărat, echitabil. ♢ (Despre oameni) Care acţionează şi judecă în conformitate cu dreptatea. ♢ Fundat, legitim, legal. 2. Potrivit2, corespunzător. –… …   Dicționar Român

  • Just Be — Álbum de estudio de DJ Tiësto Publicación 6 de abril, 2004 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Just — may refer to: *Justice * Just (song), a single by Radiohead from the 1995 album The Bends *Jordan University of Science and Technology *Just Music, a record label *Hazel Just, a writer *Just (band), a three piece grunge band from Ireland *Paul… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”